If you have ever taken a stroll around the 750 acre Sutton Park in Sutton Coldfield you may have noticed the variety of tree species the park is home to. Sutton park natively hosts the; Oak, Holly, Birch and Alder but it also habitats the; Larch, Spruce, Pine, Lime, Horse Chestnut and Sweet Chestnut which have all been introduced by the Sutton Coldfield park rangers.
Here at Bailey Tree Services we thought we would give you some interesting facts about the native trees at Sutton Park, so when you are next on your woodland walk you will know more about the trees at the park.
Oak, Quercus Robur
The Oak has extremely large dimensions, it can grow 70ft tall and 9ft in width and the branches can reach 135ft in length. Due to the oak being so big it requires a lot of water a day and can absorb 50 gallons of water each day.
Oaks produce more than 2000 acorns every year but only 1 in 10000 acorns will manage to develop into an oak tree. The oak starts to produce acorns at the age of 20 to 50 years and a lot of animals feed on them such as; pigeons, duck, pigs, deer, squirrels, mice and many more.
The wood from the oak is very strong and hard, it is used in the manufacture of ships, furniture, floorings and also Yamaha drums! It also is used to make the barrels for storing wine, whiskey, brandy and other liquors the oak wood adds an aroma to these beverages.
Holly, Llex Aquifolium
As you may be aware the holly is a symbolic winter decoration and in Christianity associated the prickly holly leaves with the crown of thorns from the crucifixion.
Although the wood of holly is the whitest of all woods and is hard and fine grained. This means that it can be stained and polished to make furniture or in engraving work but commonly used to make walking sticks.
The holly is a food for the holly blue caterpillar and in the spring this is where the butterfly lays its eggs.
Birch, Betula Pendula
The birch is the medium-sized trees in Sutton Park they can reach to 50ft in height and if you are a hay fever sufferer the birch tree is responsible for 15 to 20% in the northern hemisphere.
The wood from the birch tree is highly flammable it can even catch fire when it’s wet so because of that the birch tree is used as a high-quality firewood.
Another fact you may not know is that substances isolated from the different parts of the birch are used in cosmetics such as soaps and shampoos.
Alder, Alnus Glutinosa
Did you know that the whole of Venice is built on alder wood piles? Also the wood makes excellent charcoal and gunpowder! The wood is also used to make clogs and there was theory that if you put alder leaves in your shoes before a long journey it would cool feet to reduce swelling.
The roots of the Alder tree have nitrogen-fixing nodules which make it a good soil conditioner. So they are used to improve soil fertility on former industrial wastelands.
We hope you have enjoyed reading some of the interesting facts of the native trees of Sutton Park in Sutton Coldfield.